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apm - APM BIOS interface


See Also


.Cd device apm


apm is an interface to the Intel / Microsoft APM (Advanced Power Management) BIOS on laptop PCs.

apm provides the following power management functions.

  1. When the system wakes up from suspended mode, apm adjusts the system clock to RTC.
  2. When the system wakes up from suspended mode, apm passes a message to syslogd(8) comprising of system wakeup time and elapsed time during suspended mode.
  3. apm slows CPU clock when there are no system activities (runnable processes, interrupts, etc.). This function is available only on systems whose APM supports CPU idling.
  4. apm exports an application interface as a character device. Applications can control APM, or retrieve APM status information via this interface. apm exports the following interfaces. These symbols are defined in
    .In machine/apm_bios.h .
    Suspend system.
    Get power management information.
    Enable / Disable power management.
    Control execution of HLT in the kernel context switch routine.
    Get per battery information.

    Some APM implementations execute the HLT (Halt CPU until an interrupt occurs) instruction in the "Idle CPU" call, while others do not. Thus enabling this may result in redundant HLT executions because "Idle CPU" is called from the kernel context switch routine that inherently executes HLT. This may reduce peak system performance.

    Also the system hangs up if HLT instruction is disabled in the kernel context switch routine, and if the APM implementation of the machine does not execute HLT in "Idle CPU". On some implementations that do not support CPU clock slowdown, APM might not execute HLT. apm disables APMIO_NOTHALTCPU operation on such machines.

    The current version of apm does not call "Idle CPU" from the kernel context switch routine if clock slowdown is not supported, and it executes HLT instruction by default. Therefore, there is no need to use these two operations in most cases.

    These interfaces are used by apm(8).

  5. apm polls APM events and handles the following events.
    "Name " "Action" "Description"
    "PMEV_STANDBYREQ " "suspend system " "standby request"
    "PMEV_SUSPENDREQ " "suspend system " "suspend request"
    "PMEV_USERSUSPENDREQ " "suspend system " "user suspend request"
    "PMEV_CRITSUSPEND " "suspend system " "critical suspend request"
    "PMEV_NORMRESUME " "resume system " "normal resume"
    "PMEV_CRITRESUME " "resume system " "critical resume"
    "PMEV_STANDBYRESUME " "resume system " "standby resume"
    "PMEV_BATTERYLOW " "notify message " "battery low"
    "PMEV_UPDATETIME " "adjust clock " "update time"


apm(8), zzz(8)



apm(8) zzz(8).

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