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ATARAID (4) | Special files and drivers | Unix Manual Pages | :man

NAME

ataraid - "ATA software RAID support"

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Files
See Also
Authors

SYNOPSIS


.Cd "device ata"
.Cd "device ataraid"

DESCRIPTION

The ataraid driver provides support for so-called software RAID (sometimes referred to as fake RAID or pseudo RAID).

When a controller that supports software RAID is instructed to create a RAID array, its BIOS writes data structures in a specific metadata format to the disks. These data structures are picked up by the ataraid driver, so that
.Fx can work with the array. The ataraid driver has to understand the specific metadata format of a controller BIOS in order to support its RAID capabilities.

Read-only support for a metadata format means that
.Fx can use the given RAID array for normal read/write operations. Creation and rebuild of such arrays has to be done from the controller BIOS.

Read and write support for a metadata format means that
.Fx can use the given RAID array for normal read/write operations. Additionally, the atacontrol(8) utility can be used to create, rebuild, update and fail such RAID arrays.

The ataraid driver can read the following metadata formats:

  • Adaptec HostRAID
  • Highpoint V2 RocketRAID
  • Highpoint V3 RocketRAID
  • Intel MatrixRAID
  • Integrated Technology Express (ITE)
  • LSI Logic V2 MegaRAID
  • LSI Logic V3 MegaRAID
  • NVIDIA MediaShield
  • Promise FastTrak
  • Silicon Image Medley
  • VIA Tech V-RAID
  • FreeBSD PseudoRAID

The ataraid driver can write the following metadata formats:

  • Highpoint V2 RocketRAID
  • Promise FastTrak
  • FreeBSD PseudoRAID

It is also possible to use software RAID on controllers that do not have special software RAID capabilities. See atacontrol(8) for details.

FILES

/dev/ar* ATA RAID device nodes

SEE ALSO

ata(4), atacontrol(8)

AUTHORS


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