CHFLAGS (2) | System calls | Unix Manual Pages | :man ▋
chflags, lchflags, fchflags - set file flags
Library Synopsis Description Return Values Errors See Also History
.In sys/stat.h .In unistd.h int chflags "const char *path" "u_long flags" int lchflags "const char *path" "int flags" int fchflags "int fd" "u_long flags"
The file whose name is given by path or referenced by the descriptor fd has its flags changed to flags.
lchflags system call is like chflags except in the case where the named file is a symbolic link, in which case lchflags will change the flags of the link itself, rather than the file it points to.
The flags specified are formed by
or ing the following values
UF_NODUMP Do not dump the file. UF_IMMUTABLE The file may not be changed. UF_APPEND The file may only be appended to. UF_NOUNLINK The file may not be renamed or deleted. UF_OPAQUE The directory is opaque when viewed through a union stack. SF_ARCHIVED The file may be archived. SF_IMMUTABLE The file may not be changed. SF_APPEND The file may only be appended to. SF_NOUNLINK The file may not be renamed or deleted.
The "UF_IMMUTABLE", "UF_APPEND", "UF_NOUNLINK", "UF_NODUMP", and "UF_OPAQUE" flags may be set or unset by either the owner of a file or the super-user.
The "SF_IMMUTABLE", "SF_APPEND", "SF_NOUNLINK", and "SF_ARCHIVED" flags may only be set or unset by the super-user. Attempts by the non-super-user to set the super-user only flags are silently ignored. These flags may be set at any time, but normally may only be unset when the system is in single-user mode. (See
init(8) for details.)
The chflags system call will fail if:
[ ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [ ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters. [ ENOENT] The named file does not exist. [ EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix. [ ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname. [ EPERM] The effective user ID does not match the owner of the file and the effective user ID is not the super-user. [ EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. [ EFAULT] The path argument points outside the processs allocated address space. [ EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system. [ EOPNOTSUPP] The underlying file system does not support file flags.
fchflags system call will fail if:
[ EBADF] The descriptor is not valid. [ EINVAL] The fd argument refers to a socket, not to a file. [ EPERM] The effective user ID does not match the owner of the file and the effective user ID is not the super-user. [ EROFS] The file resides on a read-only file system. [ EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system. [ EOPNOTSUPP] The underlying file system does not support file flags.
chflags(1), fflagstostr(3), strtofflags(3), init(8), mount_unionfs(8)