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CHOWN (2) | System calls | Unix Manual Pages | :man

NAME

chown, fchown, lchown - change owner and group of a file

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Return Values
Errors
See Also
Standards
History

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In unistd.h int chown "const char *path" "uid_t owner" "gid_t group" int fchown "int fd" "uid_t owner" "gid_t group" int lchown "const char *path" "uid_t owner" "gid_t group"

DESCRIPTION

The owner ID and group ID of the file named by path or referenced by fd is changed as specified by the arguments owner and group. The owner of a file may change the group to a group of which he or she is a member, but the change owner capability is restricted to the super-user.

The chown system call clears the set-user-id and set-group-id bits on the file to prevent accidental or mischievous creation of set-user-id and set-group-id programs if not executed by the super-user. The chown system call follows symbolic links to operate on the target of the link rather than the link itself.

The fchown system call is particularly useful when used in conjunction with the file locking primitives (see flock(2)).

The lchown system call is similar to chown but does not follow symbolic links.

One of the owner or group id’s may be left unchanged by specifying it as -1.

RETURN VALUES


.Rv -std

ERRORS

The chown and lchown will fail and the file will be unchanged if:
[ENOTDIR]
A component of the path prefix is not a directory.
[ENAMETOOLONG]
A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters.
[ENOENT]
The named file does not exist.
[EACCES]
Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.
[ELOOP]
Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.
[EPERM]
The effective user ID is not the super-user.
[EROFS]
The named file resides on a read-only file system.
[EFAULT]
The path argument points outside the process’s allocated address space.
[EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

The fchown system call will fail if:

[EBADF]
The fd argument does not refer to a valid descriptor.
[EINVAL]
The fd argument refers to a socket, not a file.
[EPERM]
The effective user ID is not the super-user.
[EROFS]
The named file resides on a read-only file system.
[EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

SEE ALSO

chgrp(1), chmod(2), flock(2), chown(8)

STANDARDS

HISTORY


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