:man| Alphabetical   Categories   About us 
 
FNMATCH (3) | C library functions | Unix Manual Pages | :man

NAME

fnmatch - test whether a filename or pathname matches a shell-style pattern

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Return Values
See Also
Standards
History
Bugs

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In fnmatch.h int fnmatch "const char *pattern" "const char *string" "int flags"

DESCRIPTION

The fnmatch function matches patterns according to the rules used by the shell. It checks the string specified by the string argument to see if it matches the pattern specified by the pattern argument.

The flags argument modifies the interpretation of pattern and string. The value of flags is the bitwise inclusive OR of any of the following constants, which are defined in the include file
.In fnmatch.h .

FNM_NOESCAPE
Normally, every occurrence of a backslash (‘\’) followed by a character in pattern is replaced by that character. This is done to negate any special meaning for the character. If the FNM_NOESCAPE flag is set, a backslash character is treated as an ordinary character.
FNM_PATHNAME
Slash characters in string must be explicitly matched by slashes in pattern. If this flag is not set, then slashes are treated as regular characters.
FNM_PERIOD Leading periods in string must be explicitly matched by periods in pattern. If this flag is not set, then leading periods are treated as regular characters. The definition of "leading" is related to the specification of FNM_PATHNAME. A period is always "leading" if it is the first character in string. Additionally, if FNM_PATHNAME is set, a period is leading if it immediately follows a slash.
FNM_LEADING_DIR
Ignore "/*" rest after successful pattern matching.
FNM_CASEFOLD
Ignore case distinctions in both the pattern and the string.

RETURN VALUES

The fnmatch function returns zero if string matches the pattern specified by pattern, otherwise, it returns the value FNM_NOMATCH.

SEE ALSO

sh(1), glob(3), regex(3)

STANDARDS

HISTORY

BUGS


Share this page

     Follow us

Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn


 
Created by Blin Media, 2008-2013