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FTPIO (3) | C library functions | Unix Manual Pages | :man

NAME

ftpLogin, ftpChdir, ftpErrno, ftpGetModtime, ftpGetSize, ftpGet, ftpPut, ftpBinary, ftpPassive, ftpVerbose, ftpGetURL, ftpPutURL, ftpLoginAf, ftpGetURLAf, ftpPutURLAf - FTPIO user library

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Environment
History
Authors
Bugs

SYNOPSIS


.In ftpio.h FILE * ftpLogin "char *host" "char *user" "char *passwd" "int ftp_port" "int verbose" "int *retcode" int ftpChdir "FILE *stream" "char *dirname" int ftpErrno "FILE *stream" const char * ftpErrString "int errno" time_t ftpGetModtime "FILE *stream" "char *file" off_t ftpGetSize "FILE *stream" "char *file" FILE * ftpGet "FILE *stream" "char *file" "off_t *seekto" FILE * ftpPut "FILE *stream" "char *file" int ftpAscii "FILE *stream" int ftpBinary "FILE *stream" int ftpPassive "FILE *stream" "int status" void ftpVerbose "FILE *stream" "int status" FILE * ftpGetURL "char *url" "char *user" "char *passwd" "int *retcode" FILE * ftpPutURL "char *url" "char *user" "char *passwd" "int *retcode" FILE * ftpLoginAf "char *host" "int af" "char *user" "char *passwd" "int ftp_port" "int verbose" "int *retcode" FILE * ftpGetURLAf "char *url" "int af" "char *user" "char *passwd" "int *retcode" FILE * ftpPutURLAf "char *url" "int af" "char *user" "char *passwd" "int *retcode"

DESCRIPTION

These functions implement a high-level library for managing FTP connections.

The ftpLogin function attempts to log in using the supplied user, passwd, ftp_port (if passed as 0, ftp_port defaults to the standard ftp port of 21) and verbose fields. If it is successful, a standard stream descriptor is returned which should be passed to subsequent FTP operations. On failure, NULL is returned and retcode will have the error code returned by the foreign server.

The ftpChdir function attempts to issue a server CD command to the directory named in dir. On success, zero is returned. On failure, the error code from the server.

The ftpErrno function returns the server failure code for the last operation (useful for seeing more about what happened if you are familiar with FTP error codes). The ftpErrString function returns a human readable version of the supplied server failure code.

The ftpGet function attempts to retrieve the file named by the file argument (which is assumed to be relative to the FTP server’s current directory, see ftpChdir) and returns a new FILE* pointer for the file or NULL on failure. If seekto is non-NULL, the contents of the integer it points to will be used as a restart point for the file, that is to say that the stream returned will point *seekto bytes into the file gotten (this is handy for restarting failed transfers efficiently). If the seek operation fails, the value of *seekto will be zero’d.

The ftpGetModtime function returns the last modification time of the file named by the file argument. If the file could not be opened or stat’d, 0 is returned.

The ftpGetSize function returns the size in bytes of the file named by the file argument. If the file could not be opened or stat’d, -1 is returned.

The ftpPut function attempts to create a new file named by the file argument (which is assumed to be relative to the FTP server’s current directory, see ftpChdir) and returns a new stream pointer for the file or NULL on failure.

The ftpAscii function sets ASCII mode for the current server connection named by stream.

The ftpBinary function sets binary mode for the current server connection named by stream.

The ftpPassive function sets passive mode (for firewalls) for the current server connection named by stream to boolean value status.

The ftpVerbose function sets the verbosity mode for the current server connection named by stream to boolean value status.

The ftpGetURL function attempts to retrieve the file named by the supplied URL and can be considered equivalent to the combined ftpLogin, ftpChdir and ftpGet operations except that no server stream is ever returned - the connection to the server closes when the file has been completely read. Use the lower-level routines if multiple gets are required as it will be far more efficient.

The ftpPutURL function attempts to create the file named by the supplied URL and can be considered equivalent to the combined ftpLogin, ftpChdir and ftpPut operations except that no server stream is ever returned - the connection to the server closes when the file has been completely written. Use the lower-level routines if multiple puts are required as it will be far more efficient.

The ftpLoginAf, ftpGetURLAf, ftpPutURLAf functions are same as ftpLogin, ftpGetURL, ftpPutURL except that they are able to specify address family af.

ENVIRONMENT

FTP_TIMEOUT Maximum time, in seconds, to wait for a response from the peer before aborting an FTP connection.
FTP_PASSIVE_MODE
If defined, forces the use of passive mode, unless equal to ‘‘NO’’ or ‘‘no’’ in which case active mode is forced. If defined, the setting of this variable always overrides any calls to ftpPassive.

HISTORY

Started life as Poul-Henning Kamp’s ftp driver for the system installation utility, later significantly mutated into a more general form as an extension of stdio by Jordan Hubbard. Also incorporates some ideas and extensions from Jean-Marc Zucconi.

AUTHORS


.An Jordan Hubbard ,
.An Poul-Henning Kamp and
.An Jean-Marc Zucconi

BUGS

I am sure you can get this thing’s internal state machine confused if you really work at it, but so far it has proven itself pretty robust in all my tests.

June 17, 1996 FTPIO (3)
shtml">manServer 1.07 from ftpio.3 using doc macros.


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