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G_BIO (9) | Kernel routines | Unix Manual Pages | :man


g_new_bio, g_clone_bio, g_destroy_bio, g_print_bio - "GEOM bio controlling functions"


Return Values
See Also


.In sys/bio.h
.In geom/geom.h "struct bio *" g_new_bio void "struct bio *" g_clone_bio "struct bio *bp" void g_destroy_bio "struct bio *bp" void g_print_bio "struct bio *bp"


.Vt "struct bio" is used by GEOM to describe I/O requests, its most important fields are described below:
bio_cmd I/O request command. There are four I/O requests available in GEOM:
BIO_READ A read request.
BIO_WRITE A write request.
BIO_DELETE Indicates that a certain range of data is no longer used and that it can be erased or freed as the underlying technology supports. Technologies like flash adaptation layers can arrange to erase the relevant blocks before they will become reassigned and cryptographic devices may want to fill random bits into the range to reduce the amount of data available for attack.
BIO_GETATTR Inspect and manipulate out-of-band attributes on a particular provider or path. Attributes are named by ascii strings and are stored in the bio_attribute field.
bio_flags Available flags:
BIO_ERROR Request failed (error value is stored in bio_error field).
BIO_DONE Request finished.
bio_cflags Private use by the consumer.
bio_pflags Private use by the provider.
bio_offset Offset into provider.
bio_data Pointer to data buffer.
bio_error Error value when BIO_ERROR is set.
bio_done Pointer to function which will be called when the request is finished.
bio_driver1 Private use by the provider.
bio_driver2 Private use by the provider.
bio_caller1 Private use by the consumer.
bio_caller2 Private use by the consumer.
Attribute string for BIO_GETATTR request.
bio_from Consumer to use for request (attached to provider stored in bio_to field) (typically read-only for a class).
bio_to Destination provider (typically read-only for a class).
bio_length Request length in bytes.
Number of bytes completed, but they may not be completed from the front of the request.
bio_children Number of
.Vt bio clones (typically read-only for a class).
bio_inbed Number of finished
.Vt bio clones.
bio_parent Pointer to parent
.Vt bio .

The g_new_bio function allocates a new, empty
.Vt bio structure.

The g_clone_bio function allocates a new
.Vt bio structure and copies the following fields from the
.Vt bio given as an argument to clone: bio_cmd, bio_length, bio_offset, bio_data, bio_attribute. The field bio_parent in the clone points to the passed
.Vt bio and the field bio_children in the passed
.Vt bio is incremented.

This function should be used for every request which enters through the provider of a particular geom and needs to be scheduled down. Proper order is:

  1. Clone the received
    .Vt "struct bio" .
  2. Modify the clone.
  3. Schedule the clone on its own consumer.

The g_destroy_bio function deallocates and destroys the given
.Vt bio structure.

The g_print_bio function prints information about the given
.Vt bio structure (for debugging purposes).


The g_new_bio and g_clone_bio functions return a pointer to the allocated
.Vt bio , or NULL if an error occurred.


Implementation of "NULL -transformation", meaning that an I/O request is cloned and scheduled down without any modifications. Let us assume that field ex_consumer in structure
.Vt example_softc contains a consumer attached to the provider we want to operate on.
example_start(struct bio *bp)
struct example_softc *sc;
struct bio *cbp;

printf("Request received: ");

sc = bp->bio_to->geom->softc;
if (sc == NULL) {
g_io_deliver(bp, ENXIO);

/* Let’s clone our bio request. */
cbp = g_clone_bio(bp);
if (cbp == NULL) {
g_io_deliver(bp, ENOMEM);
cbp->bio_done = g_std_done;/* Standard ’done’ function. */

/* Ok, schedule it down. */
* The consumer can be obtained from
* LIST_FIRST(&bp->bio_to->geom->consumers) as well,
* if there is only one in our geom.
g_io_request(cbp, sc->ex_consumer);


geom(4), DECLARE_GEOM_CLASS(9), g_access(9), g_attach(9), g_consumer(9), g_data(9), g_event(9), g_geom(9), g_provider(9), g_provider_by_name(9), g_wither_geom(9)


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