Dont use these functions under Linux. Due to a historical mistake, under Linux these functions are aliases for raise() and signal(), respectively.
Elsewhere, on SYSV-like systems, these functions implement software signalling, entirely independent of the classical signal and kill functions. The function ssignal() defines the action to take when the software signal with number signum is raised using the function gsignal(), and returns the previous such action or SIG_DFL. The function gsignal() does the following: if no action (or the action SIG_DFL) was specified for signum, then it does nothing and returns 0. If the action SIG_IGN was specified for signum, then it does nothing and returns 1. Otherwise, it resets the action to SIG_DFL and calls the action function with parameter signum, and returns the value returned by that function. The range of possible values signum varies (often 1-15 or 1-17).
SVID2, XPG2. These functions are available under AIX, DG-UX, HPUX, SCO, Solaris, Tru64. They are called obsolete under most of these systems, and are broken under Linux libc and glibc. Some systems also have gsignal_r() and ssignal_r().
kill(2), signal(2), raise(3)