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NAME

isdnd.rc - isdn4bsd ISDN connection management daemon config file format

CONTENTS

Description
Idletime Calculation And Short-hold Mode
Files
See Also
Authors

DESCRIPTION

The file /etc/isdn/isdnd.rc contains (if not otherwise specified on the command line) the runtime configuration for the isdnd(8) ISDN connection management daemon which is part of the isdn4bsd package.

The configuration file consists of keywords which start in column 1 followed by one or more spaces or tabs, an equal sign, one or more spaces or tabs and a keyword dependent parameter value.

A line beginning with ’#’ is treated as a comment line.

For keywords requiring the specification of a boolean value, the truth value can be either yes or on while the false value can be either no or off.

The configuration file consists of one system section, one or more optional controller sections and one or more entry sections. In the system section parameters regarding the daemon operation or parameters not associated with a single remote connection can be set. In the controller section parameters regarding a particular controller can be set. In the entry section(s) parameters directly associated with a single remote connection can be set.

The following keywords are recognized by isdnd:

system
This keyword starts the system configuration section. It must not have a parameter and may be used only once. The keyword is mandatory. The following keywords are valid in the system configuration section:
acctall If this parameter is set to on, accounting information is written even if the local site was not charged or no charging information is available or is not subscribed. (optional)
acctfile Specifies the name of the accounting file which is used when the keyword useacctfile (see below) is set to on. See also system keyword rotatesuffix. If this keyword is omitted the system default is used. (optional)
add-prefix If set to on, for incoming numbers, have a look at the "type of number" indicator and adjust the number as specified by the prefix-national and prefix-international keywords described later. If this keyword is omitted, the system default (off) is used. (optional)
aliasing If this parameter is set to on, alias processing of telephone-number to name is enabled (see also the aliasfile keyword below). The default is off. (optional)
aliasfile Specifies the name of the telephone number-to-name alias database file shared with the isdntel(8) utility when alias processing is enabled via the aliasing keyword. (optional)
beepconnect
In full-screen mode, if this parameter is set to on, ring the bell when connecting or disconnecting a call.
extcallattr
If this parameter is set to on, the extended caller attributes "screening indicator" and "presentation indicator" are written to the log-file. The default is off. (optional)
holidayfile
Specifies the name of the holiday file containing the dates of holidays. This file is used in conjunction with the valid keyword to lookup the dates of holidays. (optional)
isdntime If this parameter is set to on, date/time information from the exchange (if provided) is written to the log-file. The default is off. (optional)
mailer This keyword is used to specify the path/name of a mail program which is able to use the "-s" flag to specify a subject on its command line. In case of a fatal error exit of isdnd.rc this program is used to send mail to an administrator specified by the keyword mailto. (optional)
mailto This keyword is used to specify the email address of someone to notify in case of a fatal error exit of isdnd.rc. (See also keyword mailer). (optional)
monitor-allowed
If this parameter is set to on or yes, monitoring via a local or remote machine is enabled. This parameter is optional and is set to off by default.
monitor-port
sets the TCP port number for remote monitoring. This integer parameter is optional and is set to port 451 by default.
monitor This keyword specifies a local socket name or a host or network for remote monitoring. The monitor specification may either be:

the name of a local (UNIX-domain) socket
this MUST start with a "/", example: /var/run/isdn-monitor
a dotted-quad host specification
example: 192.168.1.2
a dotted-quad network address with netmask
example: 192.168.1.0/24
a resolvable host name
example: localhost
a resolvable network name with netmask
example: up-vision-net/24
monitor-access
This keyword specifies the access rights for a previously used monitor keyword. The supported access rights are:

fullcmd
restrictedcmd
channelstate
logevents
callin
callout
prefix-international
In conjunction with the add-prefix switch (see above), specify the prefix number string for incoming numbers with the international number tag. If aliases are used, they have to be adjusted accordingly. (optional)
prefix-national
In conjunction with the add-prefix switch (see above), specify the prefix number string for incoming numbers with the national number tag. If aliases are used, they have to be adjusted accordingly. (optional)
ratesfile
Specifies the name of the ratesfile. If this keyword is omitted the system default is used. (optional)
regexpr
This keyword is used to specify regular expressions. It can be specified more than once up to a compile time dependent value (currently set to 5 by the MAX_RE definition in the source).

All specified regular expressions are compared to the log strings at runtime and if a match is found, a program is run with the log text as a parameter (see also the keyword regprog below).

For an explanation how regular expressions are specified, please have a look at re_format(7) and regex(3). The extended regular expression syntax is supported here.

Hint: it might be necessary to properly quote the expression to avoid improper interpretation by the configuration file parser. (optional)

regprog
This keyword is used to specify the name of a program which is run in case a corresponding regular expression is matched by a logging string. Isdnd expects to find the program below the path /etc/isdn which is prepended to the string specified as a parameter to this keyword. (optional)
rotatesuffix
Specifies a suffix for renaming the log- and the accounting-filename. In case rotatesuffix is used and a USR1 signal is sent to isdnd, the log-file and the accounting file is not only closed and reopened but the old log-file is also renamed to the former filename with the rotatesuffix string appended. If this keyword is omitted, the log-files are just closed and reopened; this is also the default behavior. (optional)
rtprio
Specifies the real-time priority isdnd runs at as an integer value in the range 0...31 with 0 being the highest priority. This keyword is optional; if not specified the process priority of isdnd is not touched in any way. ( See also rtprio(1)). This keyword is only available if isdnd.rc was compiled with -DUSE_RTPRIO.
useacctfile
If this parameter is set to on charging (if available) and accounting information is written to the accounting file. (optional)
controller
This keyword starts the controller configuration section. It must not have a parameter and may be used once for every controller. The keyword is optional. The following keywords are valid in a controller configuration section:
protocol This keyword is used to set the D-channel protocol for the S0-bus a controller is connected to. The following parameters are currently supported:

dss1 The DSS1 or so-called "Euro-ISDN" D-channel protocol according to ITU Recommendations Q.921 and Q.931.
d64s An ISDN leased line with a single B-channel (called D64S in Germany).
firmware This keyword is used like firmware = /path/to/file to download the firmware to active controllers supported by the iavc driver (AVM B1, T1). This keyword is supported for all controller types, and causes I4B_CTRL_DOWNLOAD ioctl to be invoked with the specified file as an argument. In systems equipped with both active and passive adapters, and the passive cards being detected first, dummy ‘controller’ entries are required for the passive cards to get the correct firmwares to correct adapters.
entry This keyword starts one configuration entry. It must not have a parameter. This keyword must be used at least once. The following keywords are valid in an entry section:
answerprog This keyword is used to specify the name of a program which is run in case an incoming telephone connection specified answer in its configuration entry. The default name is answer. Isdnd expects to find this program beneath the path /etc/isdn which is prepended to the string specified as a parameter to this keyword. (optional)
alert is used to specify a time in seconds to wait before accepting a call. This keyword is only usable for incoming telephone calls (dialin-reaction = answer). It is used to have a chance to accept an incoming call on the phone before the answering machine starts to run. The minimum value for the alert parameter is 5 seconds and the maximum parameter allowed is 180 seconds. (optional)
b1protocol The B channel layer 1 protocol used for this connection. The keyword is mandatory. The currently configurable values are:

hdlc HDLC framing.
raw No framing at all (used for telephony).
bcap Use a special bearer capability for this connection. The keyword is optional.

Any other value than dov sets the bearer capability as configured by the b1protocol keyword (see above). The currently configurable values are:

dov This connection is a Dov (Data over Voice) connection. The b1protocol keyword must be set to hdlc. This feature is experimental and does work on outgoing calls only.
budget-calloutperiod
is used to specify a time period in seconds. Within this period, the number of calls specified by budget-calloutncalls are allowed to succeed, any further attempt to call out will be blocked for the rest of the time left in the time period. (optional)
budget-calloutncalls
The number of outgoing calls allowed within the time period specified by budget-calloutperiod. (optional)
budget-calloutsfile
A path/filename to which the number of successful callouts are written. The contents of the file is preserved when it exists during startup of isdnd. The format of this file is: start time, last update time, number of calls. (optional)
budget-calloutsfile-rotate
If set to on rotate budget-calloutsfile every night when an attempt is made to update the file on a new day. The statistics for the previous day are written to a file with the filename specified by budget-calloutsfile to which a hyphen and the new day’s (!) day of month number is appended. (optional)
budget-callbackperiod
budget-callbackncalls
budget-callbacksfile
budget-calloutsfile-rotate
See budget-calloutperiod, budget-calloutncalls, budget-calloutsfile, and budget-calloutsfile-rotate above. These are used to specify the budgets for calling back a remote site.
callbackwait
The time in seconds to wait between hanging up the call from a remote site and calling back the remote site. (optional)
calledbackwait
The time in seconds to wait for a remote site calling back the local site after a call from the local site to the remote site has been made. (optional)
clone This causes the contents of the specified entry to be copied from the existing named entry to the current one. When using this feature at least a new entry specific ‘name’ and ‘usrdeviceunit’ value should be specified for the current entry.
connectprog
specifies a program run every time after a connection is established and address negotiation is complete (i.e.: the connection is usable). Isdnd expects to find the program below the path /etc/isdn which is prepended to the string specified as a parameter to this keyword. The programs specified by connect and disconnect will get the following command line arguments: -d (device) -f (flag) [ -a (addr) ] where device is the name of device, e.g. "isp0", flag will be "up" if connection just got up, or "down" if interface changed to down state and addr the address that got assigned to the interface as a dotted-quad ip address (optional, only if it can be figured out by isdnd). (optional)
dialin-reaction
Used to specify what to do when an incoming connection request is received. The keyword is mandatory. The currently supported parameters are:

accept Accept an incoming call.
reject Reject an incoming call.
ignore Ignore an incoming call.
answer Start telephone answering for an incoming voice call.
callback When a remote site calls, hang up and call back the remote site.
dialout-type
This keyword is used to configure what type of dialout mode is used. The keyword is mandatory. The currently supported parameters are:

normal
Normal behavior, call the remote site which is supposed to accept the call.
calledback
Callback behavior, call the remote side which rejects the call and calls us back.
dialrandincr
When dialing or re-dialing and this parameter is set to on, the dial retry time is added with a random value (currently 0...3 seconds) to minimize the chance of two sites dialing synchronously so each gets a busy each time it dials because the other side is also dialing.
dialretries
The number of dialing retries before giving up. Setting this to -1 gives an unlimited number of retries! (optional)
direction
This keyword is used to configure if incoming and outgoing, incoming-only or outgoing only connections are possible. The keyword is optional, the default is inout.

The currently supported parameters are:

inout Normal behavior, connection establishment is possible from remote and local.
in Only incoming connections are possible.
out Only outgoing connections are possible.
disconnectprog
specifies a program run every time after a connection was shut down. Isdnd expects to find the program below the path /etc/isdn which is prepended to the string specified as a parameter to this keyword. (optional)
downtries
is used to configure the number of unsuccessful tries (= retry cycles!) before the interface is disabled (for downtime seconds). (see also the keyword usedown further up). This keyword is optional.
downtime
is used to configure the time in seconds an interface is disabled after the configured number of downtries. (see also the keyword usedown further up). This keyword is optional and is set to 60 seconds by default.
earlyhangup
A (safety) time in seconds which specifies the time to hang up before an expected next charging unit will occur. (optional)
idle-algorithm-outgoing
The algorithm used to determine when to hang up an outgoing call when the line becomes idle. The current algorithms are:

fix-unit-size
idle algorithm which assumes fixed sized charging units during the whole call.
var-unit-size
idle algorithm which assumes that the charging is time based after the first units time has expired.
idletime-outgoing
The time in seconds an outgoing connection must be idle before hanging up. An idle timeout of zero disables this functionality. (optional)
idletime-incoming
The time in seconds an incoming connection must be idle before hanging up. An idle timeout of zero disables this functionality. (optional)
isdncontroller
The ISDN controller number to be used for connections for this entry. (mandatory)
isdnchannel
The ISDN controller channel number to be used for connections for this entry. In case a channel is explicitly selected here, the SETUP message will request this channel but mark the request as preferred (the indicated channel is preferred) instead of exclusive (only the indicated channel is acceptable). Thus the exchange is still free to select another than the requested channel! (mandatory)
isdntxdel-incoming
A delay value suitable for the timeout(9) kernel subroutine to delay the transmission of the first packet after a successful connection is made by this value for incoming ISDN connections. The specification unit is 1/100 second. A zero (0) disables this feature and is the default value. This feature is implemented (and makes sense only) for the i4bipr(4) IP over raw HDLC ISDN driver. (optional)
isdntxdel-outgoing
A delay value suitable for the timeout(9) kernel subroutine to delay the transmission of the first packet after a successful connection is made by this value for outgoing ISDN connections. The specification unit is 1/100 second. A zero (0) disables this feature and is the default value. This feature is implemented (and makes sense only) for the i4bipr(4) IP over raw HDLC ISDN driver. (optional)
local-phone-dialout
The local telephone number used when the local site dials out. When dialing out to a remote site, the number specified here is put into the "Calling Party Number Information Element".

This keyword is mandatory for the ipr user-land interfaces.

local-subaddr-dialout
The local subaddress used when the local site dials out. When dialing out to a remote site, the subaddress specified here is put into the "Calling Party Subaddress Information Element".

This keyword is mandatory for the ipr user-land interfaces.

local-phone-incoming
The local telephone number used for verifying the destination of incoming calls. When a remote site dials in, this number is used to verify that it is the local site which the remote site wants to connect to. It is compared with the "Called Party Number Information Element" got from the telephone exchange.

This keyword is mandatory for the ipr interfaces.

local-subaddr-incoming
The local subaddress used for verifying the destination of incoming calls. When a remote site dials in, this subaddress is used to verify that it is the local site which the remote site wants to connect to. It is compared with the "Called Party Subaddress Information Element" got from the telephone exchange.

This keyword is mandatory for the ipr interfaces.

name Defines a symbolic name for this configuration entry. Its purpose is to use this name in the full-screen display for easy identification of a link to a remote site and for accounting purposes. (mandatory)
maxconnecttime
Specify a maximum connection time in seconds. Use this to define an absolute upper limit for a connection on the B-channel to last. CAUTION: This feature is used to limit the connection time, _not_ number of attempts to establish a connection: when using this please take care to also enable the use of budgets to limit the connection establish attempts (otherwise the line will cycle thru an endless loop of connections and reconnections which will have an undesired effect on your telco bill)!
ppp-auth-paranoid
If set to no, the remote site is not required to prove its authentity for connections that are initiated by the local site. The default is yes and requires the remote site to always authenticate.

This keyword is only used if ppp-send-auth has been set to pap or chap for an isp PPP interface. (optional)

ppp-auth-rechallenge
Set to no, if the other side does not support re-challenging for chap. The default is yes, which causes verification of the remote site’s authentity once in a while.

This keyword is only used if ppp-expect-auth has been set to chap for an isp PPP interface. (optional)

ppp-expect-auth
The local site expects the authentity of the remote site to be proved by the specified method. The supported methods are:

none Do not require the other side to authenticate. Typical uses are dial-out to an ISP (many ISPs do not authenticate themselves to clients) or offering anonymous dial-in at the local site.
chap The preferred authentication method, which does not require a password to be sent in the clear.
pap The unprotected authentication method, which allows anybody watching the wire to grab name and password.

If ppp-auth-paranoid is set to no (the default is yes) outgoing connections will not require the remote site to authenticate itself.

This keyword is only used for the isp PPP interfaces. (optional)

ppp-expect-name
The name that has to be provided by the remote site to prove its authentity.

This keyword is only used if ppp-expect-auth has been set to pap or chap for an isp PPP interface. (optional)

ppp-expect-password
The secret that has to be provided by the remote site to prove its authentity.

This keyword is only used if ppp-expect-auth has been set to pap or chap for an isp PPP interface. (optional)

ppp-send-auth
The authentication method required by the remote site. The currently supported parameters are:

none The remote site does not expect or support authentication.
chap The preferred authentication method, which does not require a password to be sent in the clear.
pap The unprotected authentication method, which allows anybody watching the wire to grab name and password.

This keyword is only used for the isp PPP interfaces. (optional)

ppp-send-name
The authentication name sent to the remote site.

This keyword is only used if ppp-send-auth has been set to pap or chap for an isp PPP interface. (optional)

ppp-send-password
The secret used to prove the local site’s authentity to the remote site.

This keyword is only used if ppp-send-auth has been set to pap or chap for an isp PPP interface. (optional)

ratetype
The rate entry used from the rates file. (optional)

For example, ratetype=0 selects lines beginning "ra0" in /etc/isdn/isdnd.rates; (typically ra0 lines are a set of tables for local call rates on different days of the week & times per day).

recoverytime
The time in seconds to wait between dial retries. (optional)
remdial-handling
is used to specify the dialout behavior in case more than one outgoing number is specified. The currently supported parameters are:

first For every new (non-retry) call setup, start with the first number.
last For every new (non-retry) call setup, start with the last number with which a successful connection was made.
next For every new (non-retry) call setup, start with the next number which follows the last one used.
remote-phone-dialout
The remote telephone number used when the local site dials out. When dialing out to a remote site, the number specified here is put into the "Called Party Number Information Element".

This keyword is mandatory for the ipr interfaces. It may be specified more than once to try to dial to several numbers until one succeeds.

remote-subaddr-dialout
The remote subaddress used when the local site dials out. When dialing out to a remote site, the subaddress specified here is put into the "Called Party Subaddress Information Element".

This keyword is mandatory for the ipr interfaces. It may be specified more than once to linked it to the remote-phone-dialout numbers until one succeeds.

remote-phone-incoming
The remote telephone number used to verify an incoming call. When a remote site dials in, this number is used to verify that it is the correct remote site which is herewith authorized to connect into the local system. This parameter is compared against the "Calling Party Number Information Element" got from the telephone exchange.

This keyword is mandatory for the ipr interfaces.

This keyword may have a wildcard parameter ’*’ to permit anyone dialing in.

remote-subaddr-incoming
The remote subaddress used to verify an incoming call. When a remote site dials in, this subaddress is used to verify that it is the correct remote site which is herewith authorized to connect into the local system. This parameter is compared against the "Calling Party Subaddress Information Element" got from the telephone exchange.

This keyword is mandatory for the ipr interfaces.

This keyword may have a wildcard parameter ’*’ to permit anyone dialing in.

unitlength
The length of a charging unit in seconds. This is used in conjunction with the idletime to decide when to hang up a connection. (optional)
unitlengthsrc
This keyword is used to specify from which source isdnd(8) takes the unitlength for short-hold mode. The currently configurable values are:

none Then unitlength is not specified anywhere.
cmdl Use the unitlength specified on the command line.
conf Use the unitlength specified in the configuration file with the keyword unitlength.
rate Use the unitlength from the ratesfile specified in the configuration file with the keyword ratetype.
aocd Use a dynamically calculated unitlength in case AOCD is subscribed on the ISDN line. (AOCD is an acronym for ‘‘Advice Of Charge During the call’’ which is a service provided by the telecommunications (ie phone) provider, to indicate billable units).
usrdevicename
Specifies the user-land interface which is used for interfacing ISDN B channel data to the user-land. The keyword is mandatory. This keyword accepts the following parameters:

ipr This parameter configures a raw HDLC IP over ISDN interface.
isp This parameter configures a synchronous PPP over ISDN interface.
rbch This specifies a Raw B CHannel access interface.
tel ISDN telephony.
ing configures an ISDN B-channel to NetGraph interface.
usrdeviceunit
Specifies the unit number for the device which is specified with usrdevicename.
usedown
is used to enable the use of the keywords downtries and downtime in the entries section(s). It is used in the isdnd daemon to dynamically enable and disable the IP interfaces to avoid excessive dialing activities in case of transient failures (such as busy lines). This parameter is optional and is set to off by default.
usesubaddr
is used to enable the use of subaddresses. This parameter is optional and is set to off by default.
valid Note: this feature is considered experimental! The parameter to this keyword is a string specifying a time range within which this entry is valid. The time specification consists of a list of weekdays and/or a holiday indicator ( see also the holidayfile keyword in the system section ) separated by commas followed by an optional daytime range specification in the form hh:mm-hh:mm. The weekdays are specified as numbers from 0 to 6 and the number 7 for holidays:

0 Sunday
1 Monday
2 Tuesday
3 Wednesday
4 Thursday
5 Friday
6 Saturday
7 a Holiday

The following examples describe the "T-ISDN xxl" tariff of the german Telekom:

1,2,3,4,5,6,09:00-18:00
Monday through Saturday, daytime 9:00 to 18:00
1,2,3,4,5,6,18:00-9:00
Monday through Saturday, nighttime 18:00 to 9:00
0,7 Sunday and on holidays, all 24 hours

The use of this keyword is optional.

IDLETIME CALCULATION AND SHORT-HOLD MODE

incoming calls
It is assumed that the calling side knows most about charging structures and such and as a consequence only the keyword idletime-incoming has a function for incoming calls.

For incoming calls the line is constantly monitored, and in case there was not traffic taking place for the time in seconds specified by idletime-incoming the call is closed.

Typically, idletime-incoming is used as a last resort and is therefore set much higher than a charging unit time: typical values are one to five minutes.

outgoing calls
Outgoing call disconnect time can be setup in one of three ways:
simple mode
For simple mode, the idle-algorithm-outgoing must be fix-unit-size and the selected unitlength must be 0 (zero) and idletime-outgoing greater zero.

The outgoing traffic is constantly monitored, and in case there was not traffic taking place for the time in seconds specified by idletime-outgoing the call is closed.

Typical values in simple mode are 10 to 30 seconds.

shorthold mode for fixed unit charging
For shorthold mode, the idle-algorithm-outgoing must be fix-unit-size and the selected unitlength and idletime-outgoing must be greater than 0 (zero); earlyhangup must be >= 0 (zero).
|<unchecked-window>|<checkwindow>|<safetywindow>|
| | | |
+------------------+-------------+--------------+
| | | |
| |<-idle-time->|<earlyhangup->|
|<--------------unitlength--------------------->|

During the unchecked window which is (unitlength - (idle-time+earlyhangup)) in length, no idle check is done. After the unchecked window has ended, the line is checked for idle-time length if no traffic takes place. In case there was traffic detected in the check-window, the same procedure is restarted at the beginning of the next unit. In case no traffic was detected during the check-window, the line is closed at the end of the check window.

Notice: unitlength must (!) be greater than the sum of idletime-outgoing and earlyhangup !

shorthold mode for variable unit charging
For shorthold mode, the idle-algorithm-outgoing must be var-unit-size and the selected unitlength and idletime-outgoing must be greater than 0 (zero);

This shorthold mode is suitable when your calls are billed on the elapse time of the call plus a fixed connection charge. For example British Telecom bill this way.

Each call is divided into two periods, the first is the unchecked period and the second is the checked. The checked period starts 1 second before the first units time expires.

During the checked period if there is no traffic for idle-time seconds the call is disconnected.


|<---unchecked------------------>|<------checked------>
+------------------+-------------+
| |<-idle-time->|
|<--------------unitlength------->|

Experience shows that useful values for idle-time are from 15 to 30 seconds.

If idle-time is too short an application that is not yet finished with the network will cause a new call to be placed.

FILES

/etc/isdn/isdnd.rc
The default configuration file for the isdnd ISDN daemon.

SEE ALSO

regex(3), re_format(7), isdnd(8), isdnmonitor(8)

AUTHORS

isdnd(8)


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