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NAME

linux - Linux ABI support

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Files
See Also
History

SYNOPSIS

To link Linux ABI support into the kernel:
.Cd "options COMPAT_LINUX"

To load the Linux ABI support kernel module:

kldload linux

DESCRIPTION

The linux module provides limited Linux ABI (application binary interface) compatibility for userland applications. The module provides the following significant facilities:
  • An image activator for correctly branded elf(5) executable images
  • Special signal handling for activated images
  • Linux to native system call translation

It is important to note that the Linux ABI support it not provided through an emulator. Rather, a true (albeit limited) ABI implementation is provided.

The following sysctl(8) tunable variables are available:

compat.linux.osname Linux kernel operating system name.
compat.linux.osrelease Linux kernel operating system release.
compat.linux.oss_version
Linux Open Sound System version.

The linux module can be linked into the kernel statically with the COMPAT_LINUX kernel configuration option or loaded as required. The following command will load the module if it is neither linked into the kernel nor already loaded as a module:
if ! kldstat -v | grep -E ’linux(aout|elf)’ > /dev/null; then
kldload linux > /dev/null 2>&1
fi

Note that dynamically linked Linux executables will require a suitable environment in /compat/linux. Specifically, the Linux run-time linker’s hints files should be correctly initialized. For this reason, it is common to execute the following commands to prepare the system to correctly run Linux executables:
if [ -x /compat/linux/sbin/ldconfig ]; then
/compat/linux/sbin/ldconfig
fi

For information on loading the linux kernel loadable module automatically on system startup, see rc.conf(5). This information applies regardless of whether the linux module is statically linked into the kernel or loaded as a module.

FILES

/compat/linux minimal Linux run-time environment
/compat/linux/proc
limited Linux process file system

SEE ALSO

brandelf(1), elf(5), linprocfs(5)

HISTORY


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