If whence is SEEK_SET, the offset is set to offset bytes.
If whence is SEEK_CUR, the offset is set to its current location plus offset bytes.
If whence is SEEK_END, the offset is set to the size of the file plus offset bytes.
The lseek system call allows the file offset to be set beyond the end of the existing end-of-file of the file. If data is later written at this point, subsequent reads of the data in the gap return bytes of zeros (until data is actually written into the gap).
Some devices are incapable of seeking. The value of the pointer associated with such a device is undefined.