MAIL.LOCAL (8) | | Unix Manual Pages | :man▋
mail.local - store mail in a mailbox
mail.local [-7"] ["-B"] ["-b"] ["-d"] ["-D mbdb] [-l"] ["-s"] ["-f from|-r from] [-h filename ] "user ..."
Mail.local reads the standard input up to an end-of-file and appends it to each users mail file. The user must be a valid user name.
The options are as follows:
--> The next options are only available if mail.local has been compiled with -DHASHSPOOL.
| -7 || Do not advertise 8BITMIME support in LMTP mode. |
| -B || Turn off the attempts to notify the "biff" service. |
| -b || Return a permanent error instead of a temporary error if a mailbox exceeds quota. |
| -d || Specify this is a delivery (for backward compatibility). This option has no effect. |
| -D" mbdb" || Specify the name of the mailbox database which is used to look up local recipient names. This option defaults to "pw", which means use getpwnam(). |
| -f" from" || Specify the senders name. |
| -l || Turn on LMTP mode. |
| -s || Turn off the fsync(2) call that forces the mailbox to be committed to disk before returning a "success" status. |
| -r" from" || Specify the senders name (for backward compatibility). Same as -f. |
| -h" filename" || Store incoming mail in filename in the users home directory instead of a system mail spool directory. |
--> Individual mail messages in the mailbox are delimited by an empty line followed by a line beginning with the string From . A line containing the string From , the senders name and a time stamp is prepended to each delivered mail message. A blank line is appended to each message. A greater-than character (>) is prepended to any line in the message which could be mistaken for a From delimiter line (that is, a line beginning with the five characters From following a blank line).
| -H" hashtypehashdepth" |
| || Select hashed mail directories. Valid hash types are u for user name and m for MD5 (requires compilation with -DHASHSPOOLMD5). Example: -H" u2" selects user name hashing with a hash depth of 2. Note: there must be no space between the hash type and the depth. |
| -p" path" || Specify an alternate mail spool path. |
| -n || Specify that the domain part of recipient addresses in LMTP mode should not be stripped. |
The mail files are exclusively locked with flock(2) while mail is appended, and a user.lock file also is created while the mailbox is locked for compatibility with older MUAs.
If the biff service is returned by getservbyname(3), the biff server is notified of delivered mail.
The mail.local utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
| TZ || Used to set the appropriate time zone on the timestamp. |
| /tmp/local.XXXXXX || temporary files |
| /var/mail/user || users default mailbox directory |
| /var/mail/user.lock || lock file for a users default mailbox |
mail.local (handling mailbox reading as well as mail delivery)
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