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NG_BTSOCKET (4) | Special files and drivers | Unix Manual Pages | :man

NAME

ng_btsocket - Bluetooth sockets layer

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Dv BLUETOOTH_PROTO_HCI Sh protocol
Dv SOCK_RAW Ss HCI sockets
Dv BLUETOOTH_PROTO_L2CAP Sh protocol
Dv SOCK_RAW Ss L2CAP sockets
Dv SOCK_SEQPACKET Ss L2CAP sockets
Dv BLUETOOTH_PROTO_RFCOMM Sh protocol
Dv SOCK_STREAM Ss RFCOMM sockets
Hooks
Netgraph Control Messages
Shutdown
See Also
History
Authors
Bugs

SYNOPSIS


.In sys/types.h
.In sys/socket.h
.In sys/bitstring.h
.In netgraph/bluetooth/include/ng_hci.h
.In netgraph/bluetooth/include/ng_l2cap.h
.In netgraph/bluetooth/include/ng_btsocket.h

DESCRIPTION

The ng_btsocket module implements three Netgraph node types. Each type in its turn implements one protocol within PF_BLUETOOTH domain.

Dv BLUETOOTH_PROTO_HCI Sh protocol

Dv SOCK_RAW Ss HCI sockets

Implemented by btsock_hci_raw Netgraph type. Raw HCI sockets allow sending of raw HCI command datagrams only to correspondents named in send(2) calls. Raw HCI datagrams (HCI commands, events and data) are generally received with recvfrom(2), which returns the next datagram with its return address. Raw HCI sockets can also be used to control HCI nodes.

The Bluetooth raw HCI socket address is defined as follows:
/* Bluetooth version of struct sockaddr for raw HCI sockets */
struct sockaddr_hci {
u_char hci_len; /* total length */
u_char hci_family; /* address family */
char hci_node[16]; /* HCI node name */
};

Raw HCI sockets support number of ioctl(2) requests such as:

SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_STATE
Returns current state for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_INIT
Turn on "inited" bit for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_DEBUG
Returns current debug level for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_SET_DEBUG
Sets current debug level for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_BUFFER
Returns current state of data buffers for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_BDADDR
Returns BD_ADDR for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_FEATURES
Returns the list of features supported by hardware for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_STAT
Returns various statistic counters for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_RESET_STAT
Resets all statistic counters for the HCI node to zero.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_FLUSH_NEIGHBOR_CACHE
Remove all neighbor cache entries for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_NEIGHBOR_CACHE
Returns content of the neighbor cache for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_CON_LIST
Returns list of active baseband connections (i.e., ACL and SCO links) for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_LINK_POLICY_MASK
Returns current link policy settings mask for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_SET_LINK_POLICY_MASK
Sets current link policy settings mask for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_PACKET_MASK
Returns current packet mask for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_SET_PACKET_MASK
Sets current packet mask for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_GET_ROLE_SWITCH
Returns current value of the role switch parameter for the HCI node.
SIOC_HCI_RAW_NODE_SET_ROLE_SWITCH
Sets new value of the role switch parameter for the HCI node.

The net.bluetooth.hci.sockets.raw.ioctl_timeout variable, that can be examined and set via sysctl(8), controls the control request timeout (in seconds) for raw HCI sockets.

Raw HCI sockets support filters. The application can filter certain HCI datagram types. For HCI event datagrams the application can set additional filter. The raw HCI socket filter defined as follows:
/*
* Raw HCI socket filter.
*
* For packet mask use (1 << (HCI packet indicator - 1))
* For event mask use (1 << (Event - 1))
*/


struct ng_btsocket_hci_raw_filter {
bitstr_t bit_decl(packet_mask, 32);
bitstr_t bit_decl(event_mask, (NG_HCI_EVENT_MASK_SIZE * 8));
};

The SO_HCI_RAW_FILTER option defined at SOL_HCI_RAW level can be used to obtain via getsockopt(2) or change via setsockopt(2) raw HCI socket’s filter.

Dv BLUETOOTH_PROTO_L2CAP Sh protocol

The Bluetooth L2CAP socket address is defined as follows:
/* Bluetooth version of struct sockaddr for L2CAP sockets */
struct sockaddr_l2cap {
u_char l2cap_len; /* total length */
u_char l2cap_family; /* address family */
u_int16_t l2cap_psm; /* Protocol/Service Multiplexor */
bdaddr_t l2cap_bdaddr; /* address */
};

Dv SOCK_RAW Ss L2CAP sockets

Implemented by btsock_l2c_raw Netgraph type. Raw L2CAP sockets do not provide access to raw L2CAP datagrams. These sockets used to control L2CAP nodes and to issue special L2CAP requests such as ECHO_REQUEST and GET_INFO request.

Raw L2CAP sockets support number of ioctl(2) requests such as:

SIOC_L2CAP_NODE_GET_FLAGS
Returns current state for the L2CAP node.
SIOC_L2CAP_NODE_GET_DEBUG
Returns current debug level for the L2CAP node.
SIOC_L2CAP_NODE_SET_DEBUG
Sets current debug level for the L2CAP node.
SIOC_L2CAP_NODE_GET_CON_LIST
Returns list of active baseband connections (i.e., ACL links) for the L2CAP node.
SIOC_L2CAP_NODE_GET_CHAN_LIST
Returns list of active channels for the L2CAP node.
SIOC_L2CAP_NODE_GET_AUTO_DISCON_TIMO
Returns current value of the auto disconnect timeout for the L2CAP node.
SIOC_L2CAP_NODE_SET_AUTO_DISCON_TIMO
Sets current value of the auto disconnect timeout for the L2CAP node.
SIOC_L2CAP_L2CA_PING
Issues L2CAP ECHO_REQUEST.
SIOC_L2CAP_L2CA_GET_INFO
Issues L2CAP GET_INFO request.

The net.bluetooth.l2cap.sockets.raw.ioctl_timeout variable, that can be examined and set via sysctl(8), controls the control request timeout (in seconds) for raw L2CAP sockets.

Dv SOCK_SEQPACKET Ss L2CAP sockets

Implemented by btsock_l2c Netgraph type. L2CAP sockets are either "active" or "passive". Active sockets initiate connections to passive sockets. By default, L2CAP sockets are created active; to create a passive socket, the listen(2) system call must be used after binding the socket with the bind(2) system call. Only passive sockets may use the accept(2) call to accept incoming connections. Only active sockets may use the connect(2) call to initiate connections.

L2CAP sockets support ""wildcard addressing"". In this case, socket must be bound to NG_HCI_BDADDR_ANY address. Note that PSM (Protocol/Service Multiplexor) field is always required. Once a connection has been established, the socket’s address is fixed by the peer entity’s location. The address assigned to the socket is the address associated with the Bluetooth device through which packets are being transmitted and received, and PSM (Protocol/Service Multiplexor).

L2CAP sockets support number of options defined at SOL_L2CAP level which can be set with setsockopt(2) and tested with getsockopt(2):

SO_L2CAP_IMTU
Get (set) maximum payload size the local socket is capable of accepting.
SO_L2CAP_OMTU
Get maximum payload size the remote socket is capable of accepting.
SO_L2CAP_IFLOW
Get incoming flow specification for the socket.
.Bf -emphasis Not implemented.
.Ef
SO_L2CAP_OFLOW
Get (set) outgoing flow specification for the socket.
.Bf -emphasis Not implemented.
.Ef
SO_L2CAP_FLUSH
Get (set) value of the flush timeout.
.Bf -emphasis Not implemented.
.Ef

Dv BLUETOOTH_PROTO_RFCOMM Sh protocol

The Bluetooth RFCOMM socket address is defined as follows:
/* Bluetooth version of struct sockaddr for RFCOMM sockets */
struct sockaddr_rfcomm {
u_char rfcomm_len;/* total length */
u_char rfcomm_family; /* address family */
bdaddr_t rfcomm_bdaddr; /* address */
u_int8_t rfcomm_channel; /* channel */
};

Dv SOCK_STREAM Ss RFCOMM sockets

Note that RFCOMM sockets do not have associated Netgraph node type. RFCOMM sockets are implemented as additional layer on top of L2CAP sockets. RFCOMM sockets are either "active" or "passive". Active sockets initiate connections to passive sockets. By default, RFCOMM sockets are created active; to create a passive socket, the listen(2) system call must be used after binding the socket with the bind(2) system call. Only passive sockets may use the accept(2) call to accept incoming connections. Only active sockets may use the connect(2) call to initiate connections.

RFCOMM sockets support ""wildcard addressing"". In this case, socket must be bound to NG_HCI_BDADDR_ANY address. Note that RFCOMM channel field is always required. Once a connection has been established, the socket’s address is fixed by the peer entity’s location. The address assigned to the socket is the address associated with the Bluetooth device through which packets are being transmitted and received, and RFCOMM channel.

The following options, which can be tested with getsockopt(2) call, are defined at SOL_RFCOMM level for RFCOMM sockets:

SO_RFCOMM_MTU
Returns the maximum transfer unit size (in bytes) for the underlying RFCOMM channel. Note that application still can write/read bigger chunks to/from the socket.
SO_RFCOMM_FC_INFO
Return the flow control information for the underlying RFCOMM channel.

The net.bluetooth.rfcomm.sockets.stream.timeout variable, that can be examined and set via sysctl(8), controls the connection timeout (in seconds) for RFCOMM sockets.

HOOKS

These node types support hooks with arbitrary names (as long as they are unique) and always accept hook connection requests.

NETGRAPH CONTROL MESSAGES

These node types support the generic control messages.

SHUTDOWN

These nodes are persistent and cannot be shut down.

SEE ALSO

btsockstat(1), socket(2), netgraph(4), ng_bluetooth(4), ng_hci(4), ng_l2cap(4), ngctl(8), sysctl(8)

HISTORY

AUTHORS

BUGS


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