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PKG_INFO (1) | General commands | Unix Manual Pages | :man


pkg_info - a utility for displaying information on software packages


Technical Details
See Also


pkg_info [-bcdDEfgGijIkLmopPqQrRsvVxX] [-e package] [-l prefix] [-t template] -a -| pkg-name ... pkg_info [-qQ] -W filename pkg_info [-qQ] -O origin pkg_info


The pkg_info command is used to dump out information for packages, either packed up in files with the pkg_create(1) command or already installed on the system with the pkg_add(1) command.


The following command line options are supported:
pkg-name ...
The named packages are described. A package name may either be the name of an installed package, the pathname to a package distribution file or a URL to an FTP available package. Package version numbers can also be matched in a relational manner using the Ge], Le], Gt] and Lt] operators. For example, pkg_info ’portupgradeGe]20030723’ will match versions 20030723 and later of the portupgrade package.
-a Show all currently installed packages.
-b Use the BLOCKSIZE environment variable for output even when the -q or -Q flag is present.
-v Turn on verbose output.
-p Show the installation prefix for each package.
-q Be "quiet" in emitting report headers and such, just dump the raw info (basically, assume a non-human reading).
-Q Be "quiet" as above but print preface output with the package name.
-c Show the (one line) comment field for each package.
-d Show the long description field for each package.
-D Show the install-message file for each package.
-f Show the packing list instructions for each package.
-g Show files that do not match the recorded checksum.
-i Show the install script (if any) for each package.
-I Show an index line for each package. This option takes precedence over all other package formatting options.
-j Show the requirements script (if any) for each package.
-k Show the de-install script (if any) for each package.
-r Show the list of packages on which each package depends.
-R Show the list of installed packages which require each package.
-m Show the mtree file (if any) for each package.
-L Show the files within each package. This is different from just viewing the packing list, since full pathnames for everything are generated.
-s Show the total size occupied by files installed within each package.
-o Show the "origin" path recorded on package generation. This path intended to give an idea as to where the underlying port, from which package was generated, is located in the
.Fx "Ports Collection".
-G Do not try to expand shell glob patterns in the pkg-name when selecting packages to be displayed (by default pkg_info automatically expands shell glob patterns in the pkg-name).
-W For the specified filename argument show which package it belongs to. If the file is not in the current directory, and does not have an absolute path, then the PATH is searched using which(1).
-O For the specified origin argument list all packages having this origin.
-x Treat the pkg-name as a regular expression and display information only for packages whose names match that regular expression. Multiple regular expressions could be provided, in that case pkg_info displays information about all packages that match at least one regular expression from the list.
-X Like -x , but treats the pkg-name as an extended regular expression.
-e pkg-name
If the package identified by pkg-name is currently installed, return 0, otherwise return 1. This option allows you to easily test for the presence of another (perhaps prerequisite) package from a script.
-E Show only matching package names. This option takes precedence over all other package formatting options. If any packages match, return 0, otherwise return 1.
-l str Prefix each information category header (see -q ) shown with str. This is primarily of use to front-end programs who want to request a lot of different information fields at once for a package, but do not necessary want the output intermingled in such a way that they cannot organize it. This lets you add a special token to the start of each field.
-t template
Use template as the input to mktemp(3) when creating a "staging area". By default, this is the string /tmp/instmp.XXXXXX, but it may be necessary to override it in the situation where space in your /tmp directory is limited. Be sure to leave some number of ‘X’ characters for mktemp(3) to fill in with a unique ID.
Note: This should really not be necessary with

since very little information is extracted from each package
and one would have to have a very small

indeed to overflow it.

-V Show revision number of the packing list format.
-P Show revision number of package tools.


Package info is either extracted from package files named on the command line, or from already installed package information in /var/db/pkg/<pkg-name>.


BLOCKSIZE If the environment variable BLOCKSIZE is set the block counts will be displayed in units of that size block.
Points to the directory where pkg_info creates its temporary files. If this variable is not set, TMPDIR is used. If both are unset, the builtin defaults are used.
PKG_DBDIR Specifies an alternative location for the installed package database.


/var/tmp Used if the environment variables PKG_TMPDIR and TMPDIR are not set, or if the directories named have insufficient space.
/tmp The next choice if /var/tmp does not exist or has insufficient space.
/usr/tmp The last choice if /tmp is unsuitable.
Default location of the installed package database.


pkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), pkg_delete(1), pkg_version(1), mktemp(3), mtree(8)




Created by Blin Media, 2008-2013