PTY (4) | Special files and drivers | Unix Manual Pages | :man▋
pty - pseudo terminal driver
.Cd "device pty"
The pty driver provides support for a device-pair termed a pseudo terminal. A pseudo terminal is a pair of character devices, a master device and a slave device. The slave device provides to a process an interface identical to that described in tty(4). However, whereas all other devices which provide the interface described in tty(4) have a hardware device of some sort behind them, the slave device has, instead, another process manipulating it through the master half of the pseudo terminal. That is, anything written on the master device is given to the slave device as input and anything written on the slave device is presented as input on the master device.
The following ioctl(2) calls apply only to pseudo terminals:
| TIOCSTOP || Stops output to a terminal (e.g. like typing ^S). Takes no parameter. |
| TIOCSTART || Restarts output (stopped by TIOCSTOP or by typing ^S). Takes no parameter. |
| TIOCPKT || Enable/disable packet mode. Packet mode is enabled by specifying (by reference) a nonzero parameter and disabled by specifying (by reference) a zero parameter. When applied to the master side of a pseudo terminal, each subsequent read(2) from the terminal will return data written on the slave part of the pseudo terminal preceded by a zero byte (symbolically defined as TIOCPKT_DATA), or a single byte reflecting control status information. In the latter case, the byte is an inclusive-or of zero or more of the bits: |
| TIOCPKT_FLUSHREAD || whenever the read queue for the terminal is flushed. |
| TIOCPKT_FLUSHWRITE |
| || whenever the write queue for the terminal is flushed. |
| TIOCPKT_STOP || whenever output to the terminal is stopped a la ^S. |
| TIOCPKT_START || whenever output to the terminal is restarted. |
| TIOCPKT_DOSTOP || whenever t_stopc is ^S and t_startc is ^Q. |
| TIOCPKT_NOSTOP || whenever the start and stop characters are not ^S/^Q. |
While this mode is in use, the presence of control status information to be read from the master side may be detected by a select(2) for exceptional conditions.
This mode is used by rlogin(1) and rlogind(8) to implement a remote-echoed, locally ^S/^Q flow-controlled remote login with proper back-flushing of output; it can be used by other similar programs.
| TIOCUCNTL || Enable/disable a mode that allows a small number of simple user ioctl(2) commands to be passed through the pseudo-terminal, using a protocol similar to that of TIOCPKT. The TIOCUCNTL and TIOCPKT modes are mutually exclusive. This mode is enabled from the master side of a pseudo terminal by specifying (by reference) a nonzero parameter and disabled by specifying (by reference) a zero parameter. Each subsequent read(2) from the master side will return data written on the slave part of the pseudo terminal preceded by a zero byte, or a single byte reflecting a user control operation on the slave side. A user control command consists of a special ioctl(2) operation with no data; the command is given as UIOCCMD (n), where n is a number in the range 1-255. The operation value n will be received as a single byte on the next read(2) from the master side. The ioctl(2) UIOCCMD (0) is a no-op that may be used to probe for the existence of this facility. As with TIOCPKT mode, command operations may be detected with a select(2) for exceptional conditions. |
| /dev/pty[p-sP-S][0-9a-v] || master pseudo terminals |
| /dev/tty[p-sP-S][0-9a-v] || slave pseudo terminals |
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