The real and effective group IDs of the current process are set to the arguments. If the real group ID is changed, the saved group ID is changed to the new value of the effective group ID.
Unprivileged users may change the real group ID to the effective group ID and vice-versa; only the super-user may make other changes.
Supplying a value of -1 for either the real or effective group ID forces the system to substitute the current ID in place of the -1 argument.
The setregid system call was intended to allow swapping the real and effective group IDs in set-group-ID programs to temporarily relinquish the set-group-ID value. This system call did not work correctly, and its purpose is now better served by the use of the setegid(2) system call.
When setting the real and effective group IDs to the same value, the standard setgid system call is preferred.
.Rv -std setregid