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STRTOK (3) | C library functions | Unix Manual Pages | :man

NAME

strtok, strtok_r - string tokens

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Examples
See Also
Standards
Authors
Bugs

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In string.h char * strtok "char *str" "const char *sep" char * strtok_r "char *str" "const char *sep" "char **last"

DESCRIPTION


.Bf -symbolic This interface is obsoleted by strsep(3).
.Ef

The strtok function is used to isolate sequential tokens in a null-terminated string, str. These tokens are separated in the string by at least one of the characters in sep. The first time that strtok is called, str should be specified; subsequent calls, wishing to obtain further tokens from the same string, should pass a null pointer instead. The separator string, sep, must be supplied each time, and may change between calls.

The implementation will behave as if no library function calls strtok.

The strtok_r function is a reentrant version of strtok. The context pointer last must be provided on each call. The strtok_r function may also be used to nest two parsing loops within one another, as long as separate context pointers are used.

The strtok and strtok_r functions return a pointer to the beginning of each subsequent token in the string, after replacing the token itself with a NUL character. When no more tokens remain, a null pointer is returned.

EXAMPLES

The following uses strtok_r to parse two strings using separate contexts:
char test[80], blah[80];
char *sep = "\\/:;=-";
char *word, *phrase, *brkt, *brkb;


strcpy(test, "This;is.a:test:of=the/string\\tokenizer-function.");


for (word = strtok_r(test, sep, &brkt);
word;
word = strtok_r(NULL, sep, &brkt))
{
strcpy(blah, "blah:blat:blab:blag");


for (phrase = strtok_r(blah, sep, &brkb);
phrase;
phrase = strtok_r(NULL, sep, &brkb))
{
printf("So far we’re at %s:%s\n", word, phrase);
}
}

SEE ALSO

memchr(3), strchr(3), strcspn(3), strpbrk(3), strrchr(3), strsep(3), strspn(3), strstr(3), wcstok(3)

STANDARDS

AUTHORS

BUGS


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