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PMCLOG (3) | C library functions | Unix Manual Pages | :man

NAME

pmclog_open, pmclog_close, pmclog_read, pmclog_feed - parse event log data generated by hwpmc(4)

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Return Values
Examples
Errors
See Also
History

LIBRARY


.Lb libpmc

SYNOPSIS


.In pmclog.h "void *" pmclog_open "int fd" void pmclog_close "void *cookie" int pmclog_read "void *cookie" "struct pmclog_ev *ev" int pmclog_feed "void *cookie" "char *data" "int len"

DESCRIPTION

These functions provide a way for application programs to extract events from an event stream generated by hwpmc(4).

A new event log parser is allocated using pmclog_open. Argument fd may be a file descriptor opened for reading if the event stream is present in a file, or the constant PMCLOG_FD_NONE for an event stream present in memory. This function returns a cookie that is passed into the other functions in this API set.

Function pmclog_read returns the next available event in the event stream associated with argument cookie. Argument ev points to an event descriptor that which will contain the result of a successfully parsed event.

An event descriptor returned by pmclog_read has the following structure:
struct pmclog_ev {
enum pmclog_state pl_state; /* parser state after ’get_event()’ */
off_t pl_offset;/* byte offset in stream */
size_t pl_count; /* count of records so far */
struct timespec pl_ts; /* log entry timestamp */
enum pmclog_type pl_type; /* log entry kind */
union { /* log entry data */
struct pmclog_ev_allocate pl_a;
struct pmclog_ev_proccsw pl_c;
struct pmclog_ev_dropnotify pl_d;
struct pmclog_ev_procexit pl_e;
struct pmclog_ev_initialize pl_i;
struct pmclog_ev_pcsample pl_s;
struct pmclog_ev_pmcattach pl_t;
struct pmclog_ev_userdata pl_u;
struct pmclog_ev_procexec pl_x;
} pl_u;
};

The current state of the parser is recorded in pl_state. This field can take on the following values:

PMCLOG_EOF (For file based parsers only) An end-of-file condition was encountered on the configured file descriptor.
PMCLOG_ERROR An error occurred during parsing.
PMCLOG_OK A complete event record was read into *ev.
PMCLOG_REQUIRE_DATA There was insufficient data in the event stream to assemble a complete event record. For memory based parsers, more data can be fed to the parser using function pmclog_feed. For file based parsers, function pmclog_read may be retried when data is available on the configured file descriptor.

The rest of the event structure is valid only if field pl_state contains PMCLOG_OK. Field pl_offset contains the offset of the current record in the byte stream. Field pl_count contains the serial number of this event. Field pl_ts contains a timestamp with the system time when the event occurred. Field pl_type denotes the kind of the event returned in argument *ev and is one of the following:

PMCLOG_TYPE_CLOSELOG A marker indicating a successful close of a log file. This record will be the last record of a log file.
PMCLOG_TYPE_DROPNOTIFY A marker indicating that hwpmc(4) had to drop data due to a resource constraint.
PMCLOG_TYPE_INITIALIZE An initialization record. This is the first record in a log file.
PMCLOG_TYPE_MAPPINGCHANGE A record describing an address space change for a process.
PMCLOG_TYPE_PCSAMPLE A record containing an instruction pointer sample.
PMCLOG_TYPE_PMCALLOCATE A record describing a PMC allocation operation.
PMCLOG_TYPE_PMCATTACH A record describing a PMC attach operation.
PMCLOG_TYPE_PMCDETACH A record describing a PMC detach operation.
PMCLOG_TYPE_PROCCSW A record describing a PMC reading at the time of a process context switch.
PMCLOG_TYPE_PROCEXEC A record describing an execve(2) by a target process.
PMCLOG_TYPE_PROCEXIT A record describing the accumulated PMC reading for a process at the time of _exit(2).
PMCLOG_TYPE_PROCFORK A record describing a fork(2) by a target process.
PMCLOG_TYPE_SYSEXIT A record describing a process exit, sent to processes owning system-wide sampling PMCs.
PMCLOG_TYPE_USERDATA A record containing user data.

Function pmclog_feed is used with parsers configured to parse memory based event streams. It is intended to be called when function pmclog_read indicates the need for more data by a returning PMCLOG_REQUIRE_DATA in field pl_state of its event structure argument. Argument data points to the start of a memory buffer containing fresh event data. Argument len indicates the number of data bytes available. The memory range [data, data + len] must remain valid till the next time pmclog_read returns an error. It is an error to use pmclog_feed on a parser configured to parse file data.

Function pmclog_close releases the internal state allocated by a prior call to pmclog_open.

RETURN VALUES

Function pmclog_open will return a non- NULL value if successful or NULL otherwise.

Function pmclog_read will return 0 in case a complete event record was successfully read, or will return -1 and will set the pl_state field of the event record to the appropriate code in case of an error.

Function pmclog_feed will return 0 on success or -1 in case of failure.

EXAMPLES

A template for using the log file parsing API is shown below in pseudocode:
void *parser; /* cookie */
struct pmclog_ev ev; /* parsed event */
int fd;/* file descriptor */


fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY); /* open log file */
parser = pmclog_open(fd); /* initialize parser */
if (parser == NULL)
--handle an out of memory error--;


/* read and parse data */
while (pmclog_read(parser, &ev) == 0) {
assert(ev.pl_state == PMCLOG_OK);
/* process the event */
switch (ev.pl_type) {
case PMCLOG_TYPE_ALLOCATE:
--process a pmc allocation record--
break;
case PMCLOG_TYPE_PROCCSW:
--process a thread context switch record--
break;
case PMCLOG_TYPE_PCSAMPLE:
--process a PC sample--
break;
--and so on--
}
}


/* examine parser state */
switch (ev.pl_state) {
case PMCLOG_EOF:
--normal termination--
break;
case PMCLOG_ERROR:
--look at errno here--
break;
case PMCLOG_REQUIRE_DATA:
--arrange for more data to be available for parsing--
break;
default:
assert(0);
/*NOTREACHED*/
}


pmclog_close(parser); /* cleanup */

ERRORS

A call to pmclog_init_parser may fail with any of the errors returned by malloc(3).

A call to pmclog_read for a file based parser may fail with any of the errors returned by read(2).

SEE ALSO

read(2), malloc(3), pmc(3), hwpmc(4), pmcstat(8)

HISTORY

pmclog(3)


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